Bright Phonon-Tuned Single-Photon Source
Simone Luca Portalupi, Gaston Hornecker, Valérian Giesz, Thomas Grange, Aristide Lemaître, Justin Demory, Isabelle Sagnes, Norberto D. Lanzillotti-Kimura, Loïc Lanco, Alexia Auffèves, and Pascale Senellart.
Bright single photon sources are obtained by inserting solid-state emitters in microcavities. Accelerating the spontaneous emission via the Purcell effect allows both high brightness and increased operation frequency. However, achieving Purcell enhancement is technologically demanding because the emitter resonance must match the cavity resonance. We have shown that this spectral matching requirement is strongly lifted by the phononic environment of the emitter. We study a single InGaAs quantum dot coupled to a micropillar cavity. The phonon assisted emission, which hardly represents a few percent of the dot emission at a given frequency in the absence of cavity, can become the main emission channel by use of the Purcell effect. A phonon-tuned single photon source with a brightness greater than 50% is demonstrated over a detuning range covering 10 cavity line widths (0.8 nm). The same concepts applied to defects in diamonds pave the way toward ultrabright single photon sources operating at room temperature.
Figure: a: Schematic of the model: The quantum dot is considered as a two-level system and the phonon bath and electromagnetic field are described as continua. The density of states of the electromagnetic field is modified by the cavity and is peaked about its resonance frequency. The coupling to the phonons is treated nonperturbatively using the independent bosons model while the coupling to the electromagnetic field is treated in first order perturbation theory. B : brightness (black squares, left scale) and calculated mode coupling (right scale) as a function of the QD-cavity detuning normalized to the cavity linewidth and calculations for different values of the Purcell factor.